Maui County has a mayor-council form of municipal government which governs the islands of Maui, Molokai, Lanai and Kaaholawe. Maui County does not have any government jurisdictions at the island level or at a more local town/communitylevel.
Unlike traditional US municipal governments, Maui County's government is established by the state legislature by statute and is not chartered.
Executive authority is vested in the mayor, elected by the voters on a non-partisan basis to a four-year term (with a limit of two consecutive full terms).
Legislative authority is vested in a nine-member County Council. All seats in the County Council have residency requirements with each residency district having very different population numbers. However, all voters in Maui County may vote in elections for all nine seats regardless of residence. Members of the County Council are elected on a non-partisan basis to two-year terms (with a limit of five consecutive full terms).